Known as the tallest living animal on land the Giraffe is actually related to a much smaller species called Okapi. To date there are 9 different sub-species of Giraffes with different color and spot patterns. Even with their long necks, Giraffes only contain the same amount of bones as any other hoofed animal only longer in shape.
Although the Giraffe would have once been found across sub-Saharan Africa and even in parts of North Africa, today they are extinct from much of their historically vast natural range with only small, isolated populations remaining in a handful of regions in central Africa. Further south however, Giraffe populations are considered to be stable and are even growing in some areas due to an increase in demand for them on private ranches.
The Giraffe has an enormously long neck which allows it to exploit the leaves and vegetation that are too high up for other animals to find. The Giraffe’s elongated neck leads into a short body, with long and thin, straight legs and a long tail that is tipped with a black tuft that helps to keep flies away. The Giraffe tends to be white in color with brown or reddish markings that cover it’s body (with the exception of their white lower legs). The markings of each Giraffe are not only unique to that individual but they also vary greatly between the different Giraffe species in size, color and the amount of white that surrounds them. All Giraffes though have large eyes that along with their height give them excellent vision, and small horn-like ossicones on the top of their heads.